The LRG research team has spent over ten years studying the Indian Act and First Nations law, and has detailed knowledge of the kind of documents required for evidentiary support in land treaty claims. In our decade of service, we have amassed a wealth of data that we use in complex cases requiring identification, organization and analysis of files held by federal, provincial, local and private archives.
Canada recognizes two types of Aboriginal land claims:
- Non-specific or comprehensive claims where there have been no treaties signed, and
- Specific claims where there are treaties in place.
In general, non-specific land claims are based on traditional occupancy or traditional use of disputed land, while specific claims involve lands that were lost or taken from First Nations by a government or its agents.